Conjunctivitis: Symptoms, Precaution and Treatment

Conjunctivitis is an inflammation that occurs because of the infection of the conjunctiva, it is a thin transparent tissue that covers the eye or the white part of the eye. The duration of Conjunctivitis can vary from person to person and is communicable during monsoon. the symptoms mostly elevate within a week or two. Eye Flu is a common condition that occurs due following reasons:


Viral Infections

Most conjunctivitis cases are caused due to exposure to viral infections. Viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious and communicable.

Bacterial Infections

Cases caused by Bacterial infection are mostly occurred by bacterial pathogens. It spread through direct contact with an infected person’s eye secretions like tears.

Allergic Reactions

These reactions occur when the eye reacts to allergens, such as pollen, pet dander, or dust particles. It is not contagious and typically affects both eyes. It can also occur when eyes are exposed to chemicals, chlorine, and smoke.

Symptoms of Conjunctivitis

  1. Redness: The white part of the eye (sclera) and the inner eyelids may appear pinkish or red in extreme cases.
  2. Itchiness: The eyes may feel itchy and irritated.
  3. Tearing: Excessive tearing or watering eyes.
  4. Eye Discharge: The affected eye may produce a watery or sticky discharge. In bacterial conjunctivitis, the discharge is thick and yellow or greenish in color.
  5. Crust Formation: The discharge from the eyes can dry and form crusts, especially after sleep accumulates in the corner of the eye.
  6. Sensitivity to Light: The eyes may become sensitive to light, causing discomfort in bright environments, especially during exposure to screen light.
  7. Grittiness or Foreign Body Sensation: Some people may feel as if there is something in their eye, like sand or a small insect.
  8. Swelling: The eyelids may be swollen.
  9. Blurred Vision: Conjunctivitis can cause temporary blurred vision in some people.
  10. Eye Pain or Discomfort: The eyes may feel sore or painful, especially with certain movements of stress to get a clear view.

Treatment of Conjunctivitis

  1. Practicing Good Hygiene: Washing hands frequently with soap and water, especially after touching your eyes or coming into contact with any discharge from the eyes. Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes, as this can spread the infection to other parts of your face and worsen.
  2. Use Warmth: Applying a warm, damp clean piece of cloth to your closed eyes can help soothe discomfort and reduce any crusting or stickiness caused by the discharge. Make sure to use a clean cloth each time and wash your hands before and after using the compress.
  3. Eye Drops: Lubricating eye drops can help alleviate dryness and irritation in the eyes. Be sure to choose preservative-free drops, as they are less likely to cause further irritation.
  4. Avoid Contact Lenses: If you wear contact lenses, avoid wearing them until the infection clears up completely. Contact lenses can trap the virus and prolong the infection or lead to more complications.
  5. Limit Contact with Others: Viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious, so it’s essential to avoid close contact with others, especially until you recover. Avoid sharing towels, pillowcases, and personal items with others.
  6.  Limit Exposure to Light: Wear dark or shaded glasses to avoid bright light as it can create further irritation to your eyes.
  7. Rest: Adequate rest can help in the body’s healing process and promote a quick recovery.


  • Do not touch your eyes with your hands as it can introduce bacteria.
  • Wash your hands often and carry a sanitizer.
  • Use a clean towel and washcloths daily to avoid the accumulation of bacteria.
  • Avoid sharing towels and clothes.
  • Change your pillowcases often as it might carry germs.
  • Dispose of old eye cosmetics, such as mascara and kajal.
  • Do not share eye cosmetics or personal eye care items as they can serve as sources of spreading infection.

If your infection continues to persist, seek immediate medical attention and follow the suggested necessary treatment.




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