ITI : Full Form and All Related Information You Need To Know

ITI stands for Industrial Training Institute; it is a government training organization that is mainly aimed at providing high school students with knowledge of industry-related education. The main aim of setting up such institutes is to offer technical information to the students who have passed the 10th class and have an interest in learning and gaining technical information along with their higher studies. The final goal is to train the candidates to face the industry and make them ready to face the world.

Even now, there are many people who are unemployed and are seeking employment. According to a report, the unemployment rate in India as of 2021 was nearly 5.98% which projected a slight decline of 2.02% from the year 2020.

Since after independence, there has been a high demand for skilled workers in India as well as in abroad. 1 out of 5 Indians in labor force is skilled according to the latest Human Development Report (HDR). With nearly percentage of 21.2%, India is known to be among 162 countries with a rank of 129th in skilled workers criteria. India is the country where the maximum number of candidates work in the primary sector. In country, the primary sector employs nearly 50% to 60% of the population.

Whereas, over 390 million Indians have certain acquired skills apart from the jobs they have.

Industrial Training Institute was established by the Directorate General for Employment and Training (DGET), the Government of the Union, and the Ministry of Skills Development and Entrepreneurship to give training to all deserving students in various trades. ITI is spread across India in both governmental as well as in private mode that provides all sorts of vocational training.

To be a part of an ITI, the candidates need to appear for the All-India Trade Test (AITT) and once their training is finished, a NTC (National Trade Certificate) is offered to all candidates who qualified for the test.

What are the courses offered?

Courses offered in ITI are mainly divided into two –

  1. Engineering trades

It focuses on techniques by concentrating on subjects such as Math, Science, Engineering, and technology concepts.

2. Non – engineering trades

This is not of a technical degree, their main concentration is on languages, soft skills, and other sector-focused competencies or expertise.

What is the eligibility?

  1. You must have to be a pass-out student of class 10th from a recognized board or any other known examination of 10th.
  2. The age should be between 14 – 40 years.
  3. You must have at least a 35 percent aggregate score.

If you fit in above mentioned eligibility criteria then only you can further take a step for the admission procedure. Both government and private institutes of ITI take admission on a merit basis. Apart from this, these institutes also hold written examinations to select eligible candidates. Although many of the private ITIs are known to have direct admissions through merit.

What fees a candidate is required to give?

The ITI course fees are less than the engineering course in most of the states, for the ITI engineering trade, the fees vary from Rs. 1000 to Rs. 9000. For the Non- Engineering Trade the fees range from Rs. 3,950 to Rs. 7000.

Here is the catch, the government and private ITI’s fee charges varies at certain level and students need to pay separately if they wish to opt for the hostel facility. For students from reserved or any category, the state provides them with either full or partial concession as per the requirement. The entire course fee can be paid by the students in two installments.

What are the courses in India for ITI candidates?

  1. Wireman
  2. Bookbinder
  3. Carpenter
  4. Electrician
  5. Plumber
  6. Advanced welding
  7. Mason building constructor
  8. Fitter
  9. Pattern maker
  10. Foundryman

How many institutes are currently operating under ITI?

  1. Government – 2738
  2. Private- 12,304



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