BDS: Full Form, Course, Details, Admission, Fees, Jobs And Salary

BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery. It is an undergraduate professional degree program in the field of dentistry.

The BDS program focuses on providing students with comprehensive knowledge and skills in dental sciences, oral health care, and dental treatments. It combines theoretical knowledge with practical training to enable students to diagnose and treat various dental conditions.

During the BDS course, students study subjects related to dental sciences, including dental anatomy, oral pathology, oral medicine, periodontology, oral surgery, prosthodontics, orthodontics, pedodontics (pediatric dentistry), endodontics, and community dentistry. These subjects cover various aspects of dental health and treatments.

The program also includes clinical training, where students gain hands-on experience in performing dental procedures. Under the guidance of experienced faculty members, students learn how to conduct dental examinations, perform dental surgeries, administer anesthesia, manage oral diseases, and provide preventive dental care.

The BDS degree is recognized by the Dental Council of India (DCI), which is the regulatory body for dental education and dental practice in India. After completing BDS, graduates are eligible to register with the State Dental Council and practice as dental surgeons in India.

It’s important to note that BDS is the primary dental qualification required to practice dentistry in India. However, to specialize in specific areas of dentistry, such as oral and maxillofacial surgery, periodontics, orthodontics, or prosthodontics, further postgraduate studies (MDS) are required. The MDS program allows dentists to specialize in a specific branch of dentistry and enhance their knowledge and skills in that area.

Overall, BDS is a comprehensive undergraduate program that equips students with the necessary skills and knowledge to provide oral healthcare services, diagnose and treat dental conditions, and promote dental health among patients.

Course Name BDS Course
BDS Full Form Bachelor of Dental Surgery
BDS Course Duration 5 years
BDS Course Eligibility 10+2 with a minimum of 50% Compulsory subjects include Physics, Chemistry, Biology
Admission Process Entrance Exam (NEET)
BDS Course Fees INR 1-6 lacs per annum
Avg Salary INR 4 to 10 Lakhs per annum
Top Recruiters Hospitals, Dental Clinics, Educational Institutes, etc.
Job Positions Dental Research Scientist Dentist, Lecturer, etc.

Here are the details regarding BDS in India:

Course Details:

  • Duration: The BDS course typically has a duration of 4-5 years, including a mandatory internship period.
  • Curriculum: The curriculum covers various subjects related to dental sciences, including dental anatomy, oral pathology, community dentistry, prosthodontics, orthodontics, oral surgery, periodontics, pediatric dentistry, and more.
  • Practical Training: The program includes clinical training, where students gain hands-on experience by treating patients under the supervision of experienced faculty members.


  • Eligibility: To be eligible for BDS in India, candidates must have completed their 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as mandatory subjects. Minimum qualifying marks are required, which may vary based on the institution and state.
  • Entrance Exams: Admission to BDS programs in India is usually based on national-level or state-level entrance exams, such as NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) or state-level entrance exams conducted by respective state authorities.
  • Counseling Process: After qualifying for the entrance exam, candidates need to participate in the counseling process conducted by the respective counseling authorities to secure admission to BDS colleges.


The fee structure for BDS programs varies across different dental colleges in India. It can depend on factors such as the reputation of the institution, infrastructure, location, and facilities provided.

Government Dental Colleges: In government-funded dental colleges, fees are generally lower compared to private dental colleges.

The fee structure is set by the respective state government or the Dental Council of India (DCI). The fees for BDS programs in government dental colleges in India can range from approximately INR 10,000 to 50,000 per year. This fee may also include charges for hostel facilities, library access, and other amenities.

Private Dental Colleges: Private dental colleges typically have higher fees compared to government dental colleges. The fee structure in private colleges can vary widely based on factors such as the reputation of the institution, location, infrastructure, faculty, and facilities provided. The fees for BDS programs in private dental colleges in India can range from around INR 2 lakh to 10 lakh per year. Some private colleges may have additional charges for hostel accommodation, laboratory fees, examination fees, and other miscellaneous expenses.

Jobs and Career Opportunities:

After completing BDS in India, various job opportunities are available in the field of dentistry. Some common career paths include:

  • Dentist in Private Practice: Many BDS graduates choose to set up their own dental clinics and provide dental services to patients. As a private practitioner, you have the freedom to set your own working hours, choose your patient base, and determine your fees. Private practice allows you to build your reputation, develop a loyal patient base, and potentially earn a higher income.
  • Dentist in Government Hospitals: You can work as a dentist in government hospitals or dental institutions. These positions may be obtained through competitive exams or job openings. Working in government hospitals provides opportunities to treat a diverse range of patients, collaborate with other healthcare professionals, and contribute to public health initiatives
  • Academician: Dental graduates can pursue teaching positions in dental colleges and universities. As a faculty member, you will be involved in educating and training dental students, conducting research, and contributing to the academic field of dentistry. Academic careers offer opportunities for continuous learning, research collaborations, and mentorship to future dental professionals.
  • Dental Consultant: Dental consultants provide specialized advice and expertise in dental clinics, hospitals, or dental product companies. They may offer guidance on treatment plans, dental product development, or assist in managing complex cases.
  • Dental Research: You can engage in dental research activities, working in research institutions or collaborating with pharmaceutical companies. This involves conducting research studies, clinical trials, and contributing to advancements in dental science.
  • Dental Public Health: Dentists can work in the field of public health, focusing on promoting oral health and preventing dental diseases at the community level. This can involve working in government health departments, NGOs, or international health organizations. Dental public health professionals plan and implement oral health programs, conduct oral health surveys, and educate communities on oral hygiene practices.
  • Dental Industry: Opportunities exist in the dental industry, where you can work for dental product companies, dental laboratories, or dental equipment manufacturers. Roles can include sales, marketing, research and development, product management, or clinical support. Working in the dental industry allows you to be involved in product innovation, market analysis, and customer interaction.
  • Dental Specialist: After BDS, you can pursue further specialization in specific areas of dentistry by pursuing postgraduate studies (MDS) in various specialties. Specializations include orthodontics, endodontics, periodontics, prosthodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric dentistry, and more. Specialization provides advanced knowledge, clinical skills, and career opportunities in specialized dental fields.


The salary of a dentist in India can vary based on factors such as experience, location, type of practice, and skill set. In the initial stages of their careers, dentists may earn around INR 25,000 to 50,000 per month. With experience and specialization, the salary can increase significantly. The income can also vary based on whether the dentist is in private practice, working in a government hospital, or employed in an academic or research institution.

It’s important to note that the salary figures provided here are approximate and can vary depending on various factors. It is recommended to research specific salary data for your desired location and consult reliable sources such as government reports, dental associations, and professional networks for accurate and up-to-date information.


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